Music during Covid-19 | The Manila Times

“Music in itself is healing… an explosive expression of humanity… something we are all touched by.” – Billy Joel

SCHOLARSHIP remains much alive during Covid-19. Music, the language of the soul, has scholars and companies worldwide (the latter for their corporate social responsibility) conduct research on music — how people in various continents seek refuge in music to cope with social isolation during these Covid-19 lockdowns.

Spanish citizens. Responding to the Musicvid questionnaire, (available in https:// www.smartsurvey.co.uk/s/pwujo), were 1,868 Spanish citizens who were asked their personal characteristics (age, gender and occupation) and what genre of music they like , whether they like the visuals representing the lyrics, what makes them listen to music, etc. Results indicated they had longer time devoted to “musical activities such as listening, singing, dancing or playing an instrument;” that they use “music to cope with the lockdown, finding that it helped them to relax, escape loneliness, raise their mood or keep them company.” The respondents likewise perceived the value of music “in personal and social wellbeing during the lockdown.” Their personal situations showed “significant differences in the use and perceptions of music” — that “age and of vulnerability may lead to more conservative uses of musical practice and to more moderate perceptions of the positive values ​​of music.” (https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.n2020.606180/full)

Australian university students. Examined was “the effectiveness of music listening during Covid-19 compared with other stress management strategies, whether listening for stress management was related to well-being, and whether differences emerged between domestic and international students.” Survey respondents were “402 first-year Australian University students (73.9% female, Mage = 19.6; 75% domestic and 25% international).” “Listening to music” was among “the most effective stress coping strategies,” such as “exercise, sleep, and changing location,” as well as “to better well-being but not to level of Covid-19 related stress.” Finally, “although international students experienced higher levels of Covid-19 stress than did domestic students, well-being was comparable in the two cohorts (https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.647065/full)

France, Germany, India, Italy, the UK and the US (New York state only). “Participants were individuals experiencing lockdown measures during the first wave of the Covid-19 pandemic in mid-April to mid-May 2020.” Selection of these countries was based on the urgency of the pandemic at that time (number of cases and deaths), lockdown measures, the types and degree of publicly acknowledged corona-related musical behaviors.” Data collection by Prolific (for the UK sample ) and Ipsos-MORI (for all other samples) provided sample sizes of 700 to 1000 from each country. English speakers who typically have higher levels of education and income than the average population. Qualtrics collected on-line all responses. Individual samples analysis showed large similarities as could be expected for the general population of their countries such as peoples’ professional lives most frequently affected by the pandemic. General changes in musical engagement during lockdown were particularly pronounced for music selection behaviors, (57% developed moderate to extreme interest in corona-music). All types of musical engagement data showed “changes on the functions of music-making (56%) and listening (51%).” “Among 29 daily domestic activities, music listening ranked directly behind critical ways of staying up to date with the outside world (eg calling people, watching news).” “Watching movies or television series ranked higher than listening to music. Importance of listening and music-making was reported to mitigate negative states and emotions and boost positive ones, most importantly via enjoyment in music itself (rank 1).” People reporting higher amounts of Negative Emotions during the pandemic “utilized music-listening and making, mostly… to cope emotionally with the crisis and thus used it mostly to reduce negative affect, such as stress and loneliness, and to provide a sense of comfort and support.” “Positive Emotions” “increased during the lockdown, resulting in people tending to experience music listening and making specifically as a form of social coping (feel connected to others).” Also reported was using “musical engagement not only to have some form of imaginary exchange, but also to have a special (aesthetic or spiritual) experience.” (https://www.nature.com/articles/s41599-021-00858-y)

On Israeli citizens. Focused on emotional reaction to music related to the stay-at-home restrictions, this study conducted “after the first lockdown was lifted in May 2020” surveyed 200 Israeli citizens to examine “individuals’ subjective evaluation of differences in their music listening habits and emotional habits.” reaction to music compared with normal times.” The on-line questionnaire used focused on changes in “(1) the amount and situations of music listening, (2) intensity of emotions experienced in reaction to music, and (3) general emotions.” Findings revealed that music listening “remained similar or increased” during Covid-19 times, while “socially-related emotions were stronger than under normal circumstances.” When “music uses and emotion scales were correlated with socially-related emotions, the results support previous findings on the “use of music for mood regulation and the importance of music as a means for social contact.” These findings “provide a demonstration of subjective Evaluation of these functions in real-time coping during a global crisis.” (https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/full/10.1177/03057356211003326)

The Philippines — statistics & facts. As “movie theaters and live cinema were largely shut down due to the Covid-19 pandemic,” streaming in 2020 in our country “saw a boom.” During our imposed lockdown, “one of the longest ever in the world as reported,” “most Filipinos heavily relied on in-home entertainment to cope with social isolation. Filipino internet users made streaming videos and music among their leading online activities.” As reported, “around 77% of Filipino internet aged between 16 and 64 a video streaming subscription service used” in 2020.Being affordable and accessible, “video streaming, music and game streaming have become popular;” “media service platforms” transform “the way most internet users consume digital content.” (https://www.statista.com/topics/8367/ streaming-in-the-philippines/#dossierKeyfigures) (Published by Statista Research Department Aug. 27, 2021)

Email: [email protected]

Teresita Tanhueco-Tumapon, PhD, one of the Philippines’ most accomplished editors and experts on higher education institutional management, studied in top universities in the Philippines and in Germany, Britain and Japan. She held top academic positions at Xavier University, the Ateneo de Cagayan; was presidential appointmentee after EDSA 1986 to normalize campus operations in state institutions and served 17 years thereafter as SUC president. She is internationalization office director and professorial lecturer at Liceo de Cagayan University. Awards include the CHEd Lifetime Professional Achievement Award, The British Council Valuable Services Recognition Award, the Federal Republic of Germany Order of Merit, and the Department of Education award for her initiatives as a pioneer member of the Philippine Teacher Education Council.


.